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Showing items tagged: Hydrogen
Hydrogen gas generators use a proton exchange membrane (PEM) to produce hydrogen gas from water. The PEM cell was originally developed by NASA and is extensively used in industrial and laboratory applications.
1. Gas Source Helium is becoming increasingly expensive with reports of its price having doubled in some regions between 2013 and 2015. Added to its increased price, supply cannot be ensured in certain regions which is increasing the number of labs looking to change to hydrogen.
Background Researchers from Prof. Guido Verbeck’s group at the University of North Texas (UNT) carried out analysis of drugs of abuse (DOA) and explosives using an ion trap GC-MS to compare results when using helium and hydrogen carrier and buffer gas. As well as comparing the two gases, the group also assessed a number of ion volumes with different orifice diameters to look at their effect on sensitivity with either gas.
Changing carrier gas from helium to hydrogen does not always present an opportunity for faster sample analysis. Method revalidation can be simplified by keeping the new method as close to the old method as possible, which will limit changes to sample selectivity and resolution whilst maintaining the retention times of analytes.
Summary Labs worldwide have recently found that helium has been in short supply, leaving a number of labs without carrier gas. Added to this, helium prices have doubled over the past 10 years causing a number of labs to look into alternative carrier gases for GC, such as nitrogen and hydrogen. As well as lower price and unlimited availability, hydrogen has a number of potential advantages over helium, including potential for faster throughput, improved chromatography and better sample resolution.